The 8 Project Performance Domains According to PMI
Date: Wednesday, October 19 @ 22:23:59 EDT
Topic: PMConnection Articles



8 Project Performance Domains According to PMI

According to the Project Management Institute (PMI) within the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) 7th edition, there are “eight project performance domains that are critical for effectively delivering project outcomes.”

What is a Performance Domain?
A performance domain is a group of related activities that are critical for the effective delivery of project outcomes. Collectively, the performance domains represent a project management system of interactive, interrelated, and interdependent management capabilities that work in unison to achieve desired project outcomes. As the performance domains interact and react to each other, change occurs. 
Project teams continuously review, discuss, adapt, and respond to such changes with the whole system in mind—not just the specific performance domain in which the change occurred. Aligned with the concept of a system for value delivery in The Standard for Project Management, teams evaluate effective performance in each performance domain through outcomes-focused measures, rather than through adherence to processes or the production of artifacts, plans, etc. (PMBOK 7th Edition, 2021, Page xii)

What are the 8 Project Performance Domains?
1. Stakeholders
2. Team
3. Development Approach and Life Cycle
4. Planning
5. Project Work
6. Delivery
7. Measurement
8. Uncertainty


1. Stakeholders Performance Domain
The Stakeholder Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with stakeholders.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • A productive working relationship with stakeholders throughout the project.
  • Stakeholder agreement with project objectives.
  • Stakeholders who are project beneficiaries are supportive and satisfied while stakeholders who may oppose the project or its deliverables do not negatively impact project outcomes.

2. Team Performance Domain
The Team Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with the people who are responsible for producing project deliverables that realize business outcomes.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • Shared ownership.
  • A high-performing team.
  • Applicable leadership and other interpersonal

3. Development  Approach and Life Cycle Performance Domain
The Development Approach and Life Cycle Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with the development approach, cadence, and life cycle phases of the project.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • Development approaches that are consistent with project deliverables.
  • A project life cycle consisting of phases that connect the delivery of business and stakeholder value from the beginning to the end of the project.
  • A project life cycle consisting of phases that facilitate the delivery cadence and development approach required to produce the project deliverables.

4. Planning Performance Domain
The Planning Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with the initial, ongoing, and evolving organization and coordination necessary for delivering project deliverables and outcomes.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • The project progresses in an organized, coordinated, and deliberate manner.
  • There is a holistic approach to delivering the project outcomes.
  • Evolving information is elaborated to produce the deliverables and outcomes for which the project was undertaken.
  • Time spent planning is appropriate for the situation.
  • Planning information is sufficient to manage stakeholder expectations.
  • There is a process for the adaptation of plans throughout the project based on emerging and changing needs or conditions.

5. Project Work Performance Domain
The Project Work Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with establishing project processes, managing physical resources, and fostering a learning environment.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • Efficient and effective project performance.
  • Project processes are appropriate for the project and the environment.
  • Appropriate communication with stakeholders.
  • Efficient management of physical resources.
  • Effective management of procurements.
  • Improved team capability due to continuous learning and process improvement.

6. Delivery Performance Domain
The Delivery Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with delivering the cope and quality that the project was undertaken to achieve.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • Projects contribute to business objectives and advancement of strategy.
  • Projects realize the outcomes they were initiated to deliver.
  • Project benefits are realized in the time frame in which they were planned.
  • The project team has a clear understanding of requirements.
  • Stakeholders accept and are satisfied with project deliverables.

7. Measurement Performance Domain
The Measurement Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with assessing project performance and taking appropriate actions to maintain acceptable performance.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • A reliable understanding of the status of the project.
  • Actionable data to facilitate decision making.
  • Timely and appropriate actions to keep project performance on track.
  • Achieving targets and generating business value by making informed and timely decisions based on reliable forecasts and evaluations.

8. Uncertainty Performance Domain
The Uncertainty Performance Domain addresses activities and functions associated with risk and uncertainty.
Effective execution of this performance domain results in the following desired outcomes:
  • An awareness of the environment in which projects occur, including, but not limited to, the technical, social, political, market, and economic environments.
  • Proactively exploring and responding to uncertainty.
  • An awareness of the interdependence of multiple variables on the project.
  • The capacity to anticipate threats and opportunities and understand the consequences of issues.
  • Project delivery with little or no negative impact from unforeseen events or conditions.
  • Opportunities are realized to improve project performance and outcomes.
  • Cost and schedule reserves are utilized effectively to maintain alignment with project objectives.






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